Elotuzumab

(Empliciti®)

Empliciti®

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Drug updated on 5/17/2024

Dosage FormInjection (intravenous; 300 mg, 400 mg)
Drug ClassMonoclonal antibodies
Ongoing and
Completed Studies
ClinicalTrials.gov

Indication

  • In combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior therapies.
  • In combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor.

Summary
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  • Elotuzumab (Empliciti) is indicated for use in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone, or pomalidomide and dexamethasone, for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior therapies, including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor.
  • Four systematic reviews/meta-analyses provided an exhaustive analysis of Empliciti's safety and efficacy within the context of multiple myeloma treatment.
  • The studies indicate that elotuzumab increases overall survival (OS) by 14% and progression-free survival (PFS) by 20%, particularly when combined with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone or pomalidomide plus dexamethasone.
  • Efficacy seems to be especially noted in patients with relapsed/refractory MM, showing a significant reduction in disease progression risk compared to newly diagnosed/untreated MM. However, among various triplet regimens based on pomalidomide and dexamethasone, combinations involving elotuzumab showed lower overall response rates than those containing bortezomib.
  • In terms of safety profile, there are concerns about increased risks associated with serious adverse events such as infection or cardiac disorders when using elotuzumab-containing regimens. Another study emphasizes the need for future studies to account for managing these adverse events effectively across monoclonal antibody treatments like this drug class.
  • Despite its efficacy benefits over other drugs used for treating multiple myeloma, specifically in increasing OS and PFS rates, careful consideration must be given due to its elevated risk factors.